During first Consultation you will meet Mr. Vioreanu to discuss your knee problem. He will determine what, if any, surgery is required.

 

The consultation will last as long as necessary, depending on the complexity of your knee problem. Mr. Vioreanu will perform a physical examination and will review all your imaging studies.

 

There is a fee payable for the consultation. Remember to bring the referral letter from the GP or medical specialist.

 

Appointments are realistically scheduled for all patients, mindful and respectful of time. The nature of medicine and surgery is not always predictable and delays might happen. Your understanding is appreciated during such circumstances.

 

Appointments are confirmed a week in advance by a letter in the post or an email and with an SMS alert the day prior.

 

A cancellation fee is not charged, however a return phone call of inability to attend is appreciated.

Arthroscopic knee surgery is generally a safe operation with minimal complications. However there is no such thing as a ‘small operation’. Mr. Vioreanu will discuss in depth the natural course of your knee problem and the expected results with all treatments available to you. This will allow you to be actively involved in the decision-making process and make an informed decision on what is the best treatment option for you.

 

Whenever possible and indicated Mr. Vioreanu will advise non-operative treatment first.

 

The ‘Rationale for Treatment’ is outlined in the Patient Information brochures for the more common knee pathologies possibly requiring arthroscopic surgery.

 

Arthroscopic Meniscectomy   

Arthroscopic Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis  

There are always risks when having surgery, and you need to be fully aware of those risks before making your decision to proceed with surgery. Do not hesitate to ask questions of your surgeon, anaesthetist or of other medical specialists who are managing your health in the lead up to your surgery.

 

The vast majority of people get through the surgery with no problems at all and will be surprised at how good they feel so soon afterwards. Some will experience minor issues and occasionally there may be more serious complications. These problems are rare and most can be treated quickly and effectively.

 

Below is a list that covers the major risks and complications with arthroscopic surgery. Additionally, there may be other risks, particularly if you have a complex medical history or particular conditions that need to be managed by a medical specialist.

 

GENERAL COMPLICATIONS RELATED TO SURGERY

 

Pneumonia: Patients with a viral respiratory tract infection (common cold or flu) should inform us as soon as possible and will have their surgery postponed until their chest is clear. Patients with a history of asthma should bring their inhalers to hospital.


Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolus: Although this complication is rare following arthroscopic surgery, a combination of knee injury, prolonged transport and immobilisation of the limb, smoking and the oral contraceptive pill or hormonal replacement therapy all multiply to increase the risk. Any past history of thrombosis should be brought to our attention prior to your operation. The oral contraceptive pill, hormonal replacement therapy and smoking should cease one week prior to surgery to minimise the risks.


Excessive bleeding resulting in a haematoma is known to occur with patients taking Aspirin or Non-steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs - such as Voltaren, Arcoxia, Mobic, Naprosyn or Indocid. They should be stopped at least one week prior to surgery.


Infection. Surgery is carried out under strict germ free condition. Antibiotics are administered intravenously at the time of your surgery. Any allergy to known antibiotics should be brought to the attention of the medical staff. With these measures there is a less than 1 in 500 chance of developing an infection within the joint.

 

 

 

Choosing a date for surgery


After the consultation in conjunction with Mr. Vioreanu Executive Assistant, you should decide on the time frame and a date that is most suitable to you. You will find that we are very flexible and will try to accommodate your requests whenever possible.

 

 

Forms to be completed and signed


You will receive an information package containing your admission, consent and questionnaire forms, which you will need to complete and sent back to us.

Mr. Vioreanu collects information about each surgery for the purposes of patient management, but also uses information for research. You will be given a consent form, which is to be completed and given back to Mr. Vioreanu’s office.

 

 

Let us know


You should inform us of any medical conditions or previous medical treatment as this may affect your operation.


It is extremely important that there are no cuts, scratches, pimples or ulcers on your lower limb as this greatly increases the risk of infection. Your surgery will be postponed until the skin lesions have healed.
You should not to tape, shave or wax your legs for one week prior to surgery.
Please use HIBISCRUB solution (Chlorexidine 4%) to wash your knee ONCE daily for 5 days prior to surgery. Wash the skin gently and do no scrub the area. You can find HIBISCRUB solution at a retail Pharmacy.

 


Pre-operative testing


You will receive a list of all pre-operative tests required prior to surgery. These are standard tests for all patients.

 

 

Managing your Medications


Prior to your surgery we will discuss your medications with you. You will be given important instructions about what you should and should not take prior to surgery. Please do not hesitate to contact our office if you are unsure about these instructions.

Also, some patients with complex medical conditions will need appointments with other medical specialists to ensure that it is safe to proceed with surgery.
We will let you know if this is something you need to do.

 

 

Physiotherapy & Crutches


As this is a day-procedure in most cases you will see a Physiotherapist in SSC before heading home. A set of crutches will be provided by SSC after surgery.
They will ensure you are walking safely with the aid of crutches and will give you instructions for the next few days.

We strongly advise that you arrange to see your local Physiotherapist the first few days after surgery.

Please inform us the name of your local Physiotherapist so we will communicate with them regarding your rehabilitation program.

 

 

The night before surgery


Please do not eat and drink after mid-night and try to have a good nights sleep.

Admission to SSC


You will be admitted on the morning of the surgery. Mr. Vioreanu Personal Assisstant will inform you of the exact time and place to go for your admission.
Do not forget to bring all your relevant imaging studies (Xray’s , MRI’s etc.) and relevant medical letters and tests.

 

 

Immediately after surgery


You will wake up in the recovery ward and will have a bandage on the operated knee. As Mr. Vioreanu uses locally targeted pain control you will find there will be little or no knee pain. A nurse will be with you administering oral pain-killers if necessary. Mr. Vioreanu will come and discuss the surgery performed and will ensure all instructions for the post-operative period are clear. A physiotherapist will visit you and will help you getting out of bed and walk with the assistance of crutches. When you feel ready to go home, make sure that before leaving SSC hospital you have the prescription for the pain-killers and the post-operative instructions including a date for the follow-up appointment with Mr. Vioreanu.

 

SSC In-hospital Handbook.pdf  

 

Day 1

Please see your local Physiotherapist and follow her instructions for gentle mobilization.
In some cases Mr. Vioreanu or his staff will phone the patient to ensure he / she is comfortable and to answer any questions you may have regarding the immediate post-operative care at home.

 

 

The next few days

If you have any concerns about your post-operative recovery please do not hesitate to contact our office. Mr. Vioreanu will call you back at a suitable time to discuss all your concerns.

 

 

Swelling

The swelling in your knee will reduce progressively over the first 4-6 weeks following surgery.
To facilitate this we advise to place 2-3 pillows under your bed mattress to keep the leg elevated at night time.

 

 

Bruising
Bruising of the lower leg, calf and sometimes the thigh is not uncommon after ACL Reconstruction. It will take one or two weeks to resolve.

 

 

Crutches
You should discard crutches a few days after surgery when walking comfortably if not advised otherwise by Mr. Vioreanu.

 

 

Driving
Driving an automatic car is possible as soon as pain allows after LEFT knee surgery.
Should the RIGHT knee be involved driving is permitted when you are able to walk without crutches and off medication.

 

 

Return to work
Sedentary and office workers may return to work approximately 2-5 days following surgery. On return to the office ensure you elevate and ice the operated leg during day time also.

 

 

Travel
You can travel domestically after 1 week and internationally after 4 weeks. Please discuss it with Mr. Vioreanu at your first follow-up appointment.

 

 

Exercise & Return to Sport
Please print our specific Pre- and Re-habilitation program and bring it to your local Physitherapist. They will follow our recommended program before and after surgery.

 

Playing sport non-competitively or training is possible at 6 months. A return to competitive sport is permitted at 9-12 months following surgery, provided that there has been a complete rehabilitation (including the PEP program). These sports should be discussed with Mr. Vioreanu to establish a reasonable time frame for them to occur.

Mr. Vioreanu will see you 2-3 weeks after arthroscopic knee surgery. You will be given details of the Follow-up appointment at discharge from the Day-Ward following your surgery. Generally after knee arthroscopic surgery this the only scheduled follow-up appointment. However if you encounter any problems or have any concerns please contact our office for a new appointment.

Knee Arthroscopy

Please read carefully the information provided below. It is essential that you are familiar with all the steps of your treatment. This will ensure the greatest satisfaction and best possible result of the proposed treatment. The information provided is specific to Mr Vioreanu's practice. All the aspects below will be discussed in depth during the consultation.

During first Consultation you will meet Mr. Vioreanu to discuss your knee problem. He will determine what, if any, surgery is required.

 

The consultation will last as long as necessary, depending on the complexity of your knee problem. Mr. Vioreanu will perform a physical examination and will review all your imaging studies.

 

There is a fee payable for the consultation. Remember to bring the referral letter from the GP or medical specialist.

 

Appointments are realistically scheduled for all patients, mindful and respectful of time. The nature of medicine and surgery is not always predictable and delays might happen. Your understanding is appreciated during such circumstances.

 

Appointments are confirmed a week in advance by a letter in the post or an email and with an SMS alert the day prior.

 

A cancellation fee is not charged, however a return phone call of inability to attend is appreciated.

If you injured your Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) the treatment options are discussed in depth with Mr. Vioreanu during consultation. Depending on your injury, age, desired level of activity and your expectations the recommended treatment will be either conservative (no surgery) or surgery.

 

CONSERVATIVE TREATMENT


Conservative treatment is by physical therapy aimed at reducing swelling, restoring the range of motion of the knee joint and rehabilitating the full muscle power. A detailed ACL Rehabilitation Protocol will be given to you and your Physiotherapist. As the cruciate ligament controls the joint during changes of direction, it is important to alter your sports to the ones involving straight line activity only. Social (non-competitive) sport that does not involve sudden change of direction may still be possible. Skiing is possible with conservative treatment. A brace and adherence to groomed runs may be required.

 

With conservative treatment there is 1% chance that the knee will return to a satisfactory level of stability and no further surgery is required.(i.e the ACL heals) For some patients Mr. Vioreanu will recommend conservative treatment initially and will ask you to come back after 4-6 weeks of pre-habilitation for a further clinical examination to check your knee stability and give you further advice.

 


SURGICAL TREATMENT


Those patients who wish to pursue competitive ball sports, or who are involved in an occupation that demands a stable knee are at risk of repeated injury resulting in tears to the menisci, damage to the articular surface leading to degenerative arthritis and further disability. In those patients, surgical reconstruction is recommended. Surgery is best carried out on a pain free, healthy joint with a full range of motion. This is achieved with an ACL pre-habilitation program supervised by a Physiotherapist.

 

Stabilising the joint protects menisci and thus lessening later osteoarthritic degenerative change. Although ACL reconstruction surgery has a high probability of returning the knee joint to near normal stability and function, the end result for the patient depends largely upon a satisfactory rehabilitation and the condition of the joint prior to surgery. Advice will be given regarding the return to sporting activity, depending on the amount of joint damage found at the time of reconstructive surgery.

 

There are always risks when having surgery, and you need to be fully aware of those risks before making your decision to proceed with surgery. Do not hesitate to ask questions of your surgeon, anaesthetist or of other medical specialists who are managing your health in the lead up to your surgery.

 

The vast majority of people get through the surgery with no problems at all and will be surprised at how good they feel so soon afterwards. Some will experience minor issues and occasionally there may be more serious complications. These problems are rare and most can be treated quickly and effectively. Below is a list that covers the major risks and complications with arthroscopic surgery. Additionally, there may be other risks, particularly if you have a complex medical history or particular conditions that need to be managed by a medical specialist.

 

 

GENERAL COMPLICATIONS RELATED TO SURGERY

 

Pneumonia: Patients with a viral respiratory tract infection (common cold or flu) should inform us as soon as possible and will have their surgery postponed until their chest is clear. Patients with a history of asthma should bring their inhalers to hospital.

 


Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolus: Although this complication is rare following arthroscopic surgery, a combination of knee injury, prolonged transport and immobilisation of the limb, smoking and the oral contraceptive pill or hormonal replacement therapy all multiply to increase the risk. Any past history of thrombosis should be brought to our attention prior to your operation. The oral contraceptive pill, hormonal replacement therapy and smoking should cease one week prior to surgery to minimise the risks.

 


Excessive bleeding resulting in a haematoma is known to occur with patients taking Aspirin or Non-steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs - such as Voltaren, Arcoxia, Mobic, Naprosyn or Indocid. They should be stopped at least one week prior to surgery.
Infection. Surgery is carried out under strict germ free condition. Antibiotics are administered intravenously at the time of your surgery. Any allergy to known antibiotics should be brought to the attention of the medical staff. With these measures there is a less than 1 in 500 chance of developing an infection within the joint.

 

 

COMPLICATIONS SPECIFICALLY RELATED TO YOUR KNEE RECONSTRUCTION SURGERY

 

Postoperative bleeding & marrow exuding from the bony tunnel may track down the shin causing red inflamed painful areas. When standing up the blood rushes to the inflamed area causing throbbing. This should ease with elevation and ice packs. This is a normal postoperative reaction.
Due to the skin incision you may notice a numb patch on the outer aspect of your leg past the skin incision. The numb patch tends to shrink with time and does not affect the result of the surgery.
Your hamstring musculature will recover quickly. However, scar tissue forms around the reformed tendons. This may tear and is felt as a pop or tear behind the knee on the inner side. This will usually set your rehab back a few days only and usually occurs before 6 weeks.
Graft failure due to poorly understood biologic reasons occurs in < 1% of grafts.

Choosing a date for surgery

 

After the Consultation, in conjunction with Gwen - Mr. Vioreanu Personal Assistant, you should decide on the time frame and a date that is most suitable to you.

You will find that we are very flexible and will try to accommodate your requests whenever possible.
Forms to be completed and signed.
You will receive an information package containing your admission, consent and questionnaire forms, which you will need to complete and send back to us.

 

Mr. Vioreanu collects information about each surgery for the purposes of patient management, but also uses information for research.


You will be given a consent form, which is to be completed and given back to Mr. Vioreanu’s office.

 

 

Let us know


You should inform us of any medical conditions or previous medical treatment as this may affect your operation.
You should inform us if you prefer to stay in the hospital the night after surgery as we will need to book in advance a bed in SSC.


It is extremely important that there are no cuts, scratches, pimples or ulcers on your lower limb as this greatly increases the risk of infection.
Your surgery will be postponed until the skin lesions have healed.
You should not tape, shave or wax your legs for one week prior to surgery.
Please use HIBISCRUB solution (Chlorexidine 4%) to wash your knee ONCE daily for 5 days prior to surgery. Wash the skin gently and do no scrub the area. You can find HIBISCRUB solution at a retail Pharmacy.

 

 

Pre-operative testing


You will receive a list of all pre-operative tests required prior to surgery. These are standard tests for all patients.

 

 

Managing your Medications


Prior to your surgery we will discuss your medications with you. You will be given important instructions about what you should and should not take prior to surgery. Please do not hesitate to contact our office if you are unsure about these instructions.
Also, some patients with complex medical conditions will need appointments with other medical specialists to ensure that it is safe to proceed with surgery.
We will let you know if this is something you need to do.

 

 

Physiotherapy & Crutches


As this is a day-procedure in some cases you will see a Physiotherapist in SSC before heading home. They will ensure you are walking safely with the aid of crutches and will give you instructions for the next few days.

We strongly advise that you arrange to see your local Physiotherapist the first few days after surgery. A set of crutches will be provided by SSC after surgery. Please print our specific ACL Pre- and Re-habilitation program and bring it to your local Physiotherapist so they will follow our recommended program.

Please inform us the name of your local Physiotherapist and we will communicate with them regarding your specific rehabilitation program.

 

 

The night before surgery


Please do not eat and drink after mid-night and try to have a good nights sleep.

 

Admission to SSC


You will be admitted on the morning of the surgery. Mr. Vioreanu Personal Assisstant will inform you of the exact time and place to go for your admission.
Do not forget to bring all your relevant imaging studies (Xray’s , MRI’s etc.) and relevant medical letters and tests.

 

 

Immediately after surgery

 

You will wake up in the recovery ward and will have a bandage on the operated knee. As Mr. Vioreanu uses locally targeted pain control you will find there will be little or no knee pain. A nurse will be with you administering oral pain-killers if necessary. Mr. Vioreanu will come and discuss the surgery performed and will ensure all instructions for the post-operative period are clear. A physiotherapist will visit you and will help you getting out of bed and walk with the assistance of crutches. If you would prefer to stay in the hospital one night after your surgery please let us know in advance so a bed will be booked for you in SSC. When you feel ready to go home, make sure that before leaving SSC hospital you have the prescription for the pain-killers and the post-operative instructions including a date for the follow-up appointment with Mr. Vioreanu.

Day 1

Please see your local Physiotherapist and follow her instructions for gentle mobilization.
Mr. Vioreanu will phone you to ensure you are comfortable and to answer any questions you may have regarding the immediate post-operative care at home.

 

 

The next few days

If you have any concerns about your post-operative recovery please do not hesitate to contact our office. Mr. Vioreanu will call you back at a suitable time to discuss all your concerns.

 

 

Swelling

The swelling in your knee will reduce progressively over the first 4-6 weeks following surgery.
To facilitate this we advise to place 2-3 pillows under your bed mattress to keep the leg elevated at night time.

 

 

Bruising
Bruising of the lower leg, calf and sometimes the thigh is not uncommon after ACL Reconstruction. It will take one or two weeks to resolve.

 

 

Crutches
You should discard crutches a few days after surgery when walking comfortably if not advised otherwise by Mr. Vioreanu.

 

 

Driving
Driving an automatic car is possible as soon as pain allows after LEFT knee surgery.
Should the RIGHT knee be involved driving is permitted when you are able to walk without crutches and off medication.

 

 

Return to work
Sedentary and office workers may return to work approximately 2-5 days following surgery. On return to the office ensure you elevate and ice the operated leg during day time also.

 

 

Travel
You can travel domestically after 1 week and internationally after 4 weeks. Please discuss it with Mr. Vioreanu at your first follow-up appointment.

 

 

Exercise & Return to Sport
Please print our specific Pre- and Re-habilitation program and bring it to your local Physitherapist. They will follow our recommended program before and after surgery.

 

Playing sport non-competitively or training is possible at 6 months. A return to competitive sport is permitted at 9-12 months following surgery, provided that there has been a complete rehabilitation (including the PEP program). These sports should be discussed with Mr. Vioreanu to establish a reasonable time frame for them to occur.

Mr. Vioreanu will see you 5-7 days after ACL reconstruction for a wound check. The following appointments will be at 6-8 weeks, 6 months and 9-12 months after surgery respectively. You will need to contact our office to make these appointments. You do not need a referral letter for these appointments. You will be charged only a small fee for follow-up appointments.

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Reconstruction

Please read carefully the information provided below. It is essential that you are familiar with all the steps of your treatment. This will ensure the greatest satisfaction and best possible result of the proposed treatment. The information provided is specific to Mr Vioreanu's practice. All the aspects below will be discussed in depth during the consultation.

 

During first Consultation you will meet Mr. Vioreanu to discuss your knee problem. He will determine what, if any, surgery is required.

 

The consultation will last as long as necessary, depending on the complexity of your knee problem. Mr. Vioreanu will perform a physical examination and will review all your imaging studies.

There is a fee payable for the consultation. Remember to bring the referral letter from the GP or medical specialist.

Appointments are realistically scheduled for all patients, mindful and respectful of time. The nature of medicine and surgery is not always predictable and delays might happen. Your understanding is appreciated during such circumstances.

Appointments are confirmed a week in advance by a letter in the post or an email and with an SMS alert the day prior.

 

A cancellation fee is not charged, however a return phone call of inability to attend is appreciated.

The right time to have knee replacement surgery is when the pain you experience is affecting your quality of life and you really want something done about it.

 

Some people decide to have surgery because they are no longer able to work and this surgery can make a significant difference to their lives. Some can not walk around the golf course and cannot bear the thought of being unable to play. Others will put up with pain and wait a long time, choosing only have surgery when they can no longer walk from the bed to the bathroom.

 

It is a personal and very subjective decision. I always advise patients to take their time, really think it over and have surgery when it suits them.

 

For more information regarding the optimal timing for Total Knee Replacement read : 

"Is It Time For TKR Surgery?" 


There are two treatment options.

 

Conservative Treatment

 

Please see the 2013 American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons Guidelines for conservative treatment of Osteoarthritis.

It is always worth to try with conservative treatment before deciding for surgery.

 

 

Surgical Treatment


It should be stressed that this surgery is designed to allow patients to walk without discomfort, not to return them to sporting activities. A total knee replacement replaces these surfaces with plastic and metal. The femoral replacement is a smooth metal component, which fits snugly over the end of the bone. The tibial replacement is in two parts, a metal base sitting on the bone and a plastic insert, which sits between the metal base on the tibial and femoral component. If necessary the patellar surface (under the knee cap) is replaced with a plastic button, which glides over the metal surface of the femoral replacement.

To be able to replace the surface of the knee joint a 20cm incision is made down the front of the knee and the joint opened. The bony overgrowth, which commonly occurs in arthritis of the knee, is trimmed away and the joint surfaces removed. This involves some shaping of the bone so that the joint replacement components sit firmly on the bone. In the replacements now being used the bone then grows into the roughened surfaces of the replacement, anchoring it down. In addition, bone cement is used to hold the components in place.

 

For more information regarding the optimal timing for Total Knee Replacement read : 

"Is It Time For TKR Surgery?" 

There are always risks when having surgery, and you need to be fully aware of those risks before making your decision to proceed with surgery. Do not hesitate to ask questions of your surgeon, anaesthetist or of other medical specialists who are managing your health in the lead up to your surgery.

The vast majority of people get through the surgery with no problems at all and will be surprised at how good they feel so soon afterwards. Some will experience minor issues and occasionally there may be more serious complications. These problems are rare and most can be treated quickly and effectively. Below is a list that covers the major risks and complications with Arthroscopic surgery. Additionally, there may be other risks, particularly if you have a complex medical history or particular conditions which need to be managed by a medical specialist.

 

 

GENERAL COMPLICATIONS RELATED TO SURGERY

 

Pneumonia: Patients with a viral respiratory tract infection (common cold or flu) should inform us as soon as possible and will have their surgery postponed until their chest is clear. Patients with a history of asthma should bring their inhalers to hospital.


Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolus: Although this complication is rare following arthroscopic surgery, a combination of knee injury, prolonged transport and immobilisation of the limb, smoking and the oral contraceptive pill or hormonal replacement therapy all multiply to increase the risk. Any past history of thrombosis should be brought to the attention of the Surgeon prior to your operation. The oral contraceptive pill, hormonal replacement therapy and smoking should cease one week prior to surgery to minimise the risks.


Excessive bleeding resulting in a haematoma is known to occur with patients taking Aspirin or Non-steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs - such as Voltaren, Arcoxia, Mobic, Naprosyn or Indocid. They should be stopped at least one week prior to surgery.


Infection. Surgery is carried out under strict germ free condition. Antibiotics are administered intravenously at the time of your surgery. Any allergy to known antibiotics should be brought our attention. With these measures there is a less than 2% chance of developing an infection within the joint. Most commonly these are superficial wound infections that resolve with a course of antibiotics. More serious infections may require further hospitalisation and surgery with prolonged antibiotic therapy.


Dissatisfaction is reported more commonly in young patients (less than 65) having a knee replacement, according to International Joint Registries. This is not because the operation is performed wrongly or there are technical problems with the surgery. It is because generally younger people are more active and their expectations from a knee replacement far exceeds the actual performance of a knee replacement in any individual. It is crucial that you discuss in depth your expectations with Mr. Vioreanu during the consultation and you familiarize yourself with the performance of a knee replacement in general population.

 

Choosing a date for surgery


After the consultation, in conjunction with Mr. Vioreanu's Personal Assistant, you should decide on the time frame and a date that is most suitable to you. You will walk with crutches for around 4-6 weeks after the surgery and may need to take as much time off work. This should be taken into account when planning for a suitable date for surgery.

 

 

Forms to be completed and signed


You will receive an information package containing your admission, consent and questionnaire forms, which you will need to complete and send back to us.

Mr. Vioreanu collects information about each surgery for the purposes of patient management, but also uses information for research. You will be given a consent form, which is to be completed and given back to Mr. Vioreanu’s office.

 

 

Let us know


You should inform us of any medical conditions or previous medical treatment as this may affect your operation.
It is extremely important that there are no cuts, scratches, pimples or ulcers on your lower limb as this greatly increases the risk of infection. Your surgery will be postponed until the skin lesions have healed.
You should not to tape, shave or wax your legs for one week prior to surgery.
Please use HIBISCRUB solution (Chlorexidine 4%) to wash your knee ONCE daily for 5 days prior to surgery. Wash the skin gently and do no scrub the area. You can find HIBISCRUB solution at a retail Pharmacy.

 


Pre-operative testing


You will need to have a chest x-ray, ECG and blood tests done prior to surgery. These are standard tests for all patients. These are usually done 2 weeks prior to your pre-admission appointment. If it is convenient for you, all these tests can easily be arranged at the SSC. Results need to be back in time for your pre-admission appointment.

 

 

Pre-admission clinic at SSC


The hospital will contact you some time prior to your surgery to make an appointment for you at the pre-admission clinic. At this appointment, you will be fully assessed and given all the information you need about your hospital stay and procedure. Test results from your chest x-ray, ECG and blood pathology will be discussed with you and your anaesthetist may come see you at the pre-admission appointment.

 

 

Managing your Medications


Prior to your surgery we will discuss your medications with you. You will be given important instructions about what you should and should not take prior to surgery. Please do not hesitate to contact our office if you are unsure about these instructions.

Also, some patients with complex medical conditions will need appointments with other medical specialists to ensure that it is safe to proceed with surgery.
We will let you know if this is something you need to do.

 

 

Your Teeth


Tooth decay and mouth infections can be a cause of infection in joint replacement. It is very important you talk to your dentist to address abscess and tooth decay prior to having surgery, as infections in the mouth can cause infections in other parts of the body. Even years after you have surgery, it is important to ensure you are vigilant about dealing with decay in your mouth, or any small infections on other parts of your body.

 

 

The night before surgery


Please do not eat and drink after mid-night and try and have a good night sleep.

Admission to SSC


You will be admitted on the morning of the surgery. Mr. Vioreanu's Personal Assisstant will inform you of the exact time and place to go for your admission.
Do not forget to bring all your relevant imaging studies (Xray’s , MRI’s etc.) and relevant medical letters and tests.

Mr. Vioreanu works closely with a small number of expert anaesthetists to optimise the pain relief and recovery after the surgery. The anaesthetist for your surgery will depend on which day your surgery is scheduled. The anaesthetist will usually contact you to discuss your anaesthetic beforehand. You should discuss with the Anesthesist preference and benefits of spinal versus general anaesthesia.

 

 

Immediately after surgery


You will wake up in the recovery ward and will have a bandage on the operated knee. You will be given regular pain relief by the nursing staff in the form of an injection or tablet as required.

Mr. Vioreanu will come and discuss the surgery performed. You will then be transferred to the ward. A physiotherapist will visit you in the afternoon of your surgery, or the following day. They will show you some exercises for your leg and will get you up for a walk. Once you are able to safely mobilise and care for yourself you will be discharged from hospital, usually 3-4 days after your surgery.

 

SSC In-hospital Handbook 

You will receive instructions and a prescription for pain-killers from our nursing staff prior to being discharged from hospital.

 


The next few days
If you have any concerns about your post-operative recovery please do not hesitate to contact our office. Mr. Vioreanu will call you back at a suitable time to discuss all your concerns.

 

 

Swelling
The swelling in your operated leg may take up as much as 4-6 months to fully resolve. To facilitate this we advise to place 2-3 pillows under your bed mattress to keep the leg elevated at night time.

 

 

Bruising
Bruising of the lower leg, calf and sometimes the thigh is not uncommon after Knee Replacement Surgery. It will take 1-2 weeks to resolve.

 

 

Crutches
You will walk with crutches for 4-6 weeks after surgery.

 

 

Driving
Driving an automatic car is possible as soon as you can walk comfortably after surgery. You will not be fit to drive a car for at least 6 weeks after surgery.

 

 

Return to work
Sedentary and office workers may return to work approximately 4-6 weeks following surgery.

Mr. Vioreanu will see you 6-8 weeks after knee replacement with new X-Rays. The following appointments will be at 6 months and 9-12 months after surgery respectively. You do need to contact our office to make these appointments.. You do not need a referral letter for these appointments.

The enhanced recovery program is about improving patient comfort & outcomes and speeding up a patient’s recovery after surgery.


The program focuses on making sure that patients are active participants in their own recovery process. It also aims to ensure that patients always receive the right evidence based (proven) care at the right time.

 

This new approach aims to accelerate all aspects of a patient’s recovery process. This includes accelerating their physical, mental and physiological recovery following surgery.

 

Physical recovery includes restoring a patient’s level of function, strength and range of movement.

 

Mental recovery includes the elimination of concerns, and the return of self-confidence and the state of feeling balanced and whole.

 

Physiological recovery takes all the major body systems into account and aims to avoid insult on the cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, gastro-intestinal and haematological systems during your surgery.

After the operation the program focuses on getting patients out of bed and starting to move their joint as soon as possible with the support of good pain management. This results in patients making a quicker recovery than average and being able to return to active life as soon as possible.

 

 

Enhanced recovery surgery:


- Allows patients to recover faster and more comfortably from major surgery

- Allows greater patient involvement in the early stages of recovery

- Gives better patient outcomes

- Reduces hospital stay


Patients never leave the hospital until they are ready and comfortable to walk independently.


All patients will leave the hospital with the ‘Exercise Guide to Knee or Hip Replacement’ book that clearly outlines the expectations and provide specific exercises and advice for each week after surgery.

When at home, all patients can contact our office directly by phone or email if they have any concerns regarding their progress or recovery and they will be attended promptly.

 

Read more about Enhanced Recovery Program employed by Mr. Vioreanu. 

Knee Replacement

Please download and read the 'Patient's Guide' book containing all the aspects regarding patient's experience before, during and after knee replacement surgery. This book has been written with patient's experience in mind and contains all the information required for the patient to have the a enjoyable and seamless surgical journey.

 

 

During first Consultation you will meet Mr. Vioreanu to discuss your knee problem. He will determine what, if any, surgery is required.

 

The consultation will last as long as necessary, depending on the complexity of your knee problem. Mr. Vioreanu will perform a physical examination and will review all your imaging studies.

There is a fee payable for the consultation. Remember to bring the referral letter from the GP or medical specialist.

Appointments are realistically scheduled for all patients, mindful and respectful of time. The nature of medicine and surgery is not always predictable and delays might happen. Your understanding is appreciated during such circumstances.

Appointments are confirmed a week in advance by a letter in the post or an email and with an SMS alert the day prior.

 

A cancellation fee is not charged, however a return phone call of inability to attend is appreciated.

High Tibial Osteotomy is an appropriate surgical option in selected cases of arthritis affecting one side of the knee only. Osteotomy is most commonly performed for patients where the weight bearing surfaces of the knee joint become worn away on one side. The affected side of the joint is no longer smooth and free running and this leads to stiffness and pain.

 

 

Conservative Treatment

 

Please see the 2013 American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons Guidelines for conservative treatment of Osteoarthritis.

It is always worth to try with conservative treatment before deciding for surgery.

 

 

Surgical Treatment

 

It should be stressed that this surgery is designed to allow patients to walk without discomfort, not to return them to sporting activities. Mr. Vioreanu recommends HTO in a select group of patients (i.e. males in their fifties and early sixties, non-smokers, low BMI and with mild/moderate arthritic symptoms) that failed conservative treatment. In this group of patients HTO surgery is very successful with success rates at 10 years after surgery of 90%. If the patient is nearing the age of 70, it is worth considering continuing with conservative measures for as long as possible so that when complete deterioration of the joint has occurred, joint replacement may be performed.

 

There are always risks when having surgery, and you need to be fully aware of those risks before making your decision to proceed with surgery. Do not hesitate to ask questions of your surgeon, anaesthetist or of other medical specialists who are managing your health in the lead up to your surgery.

The vast majority of people get through the surgery with no problems at all and will be surprised at how good they feel so soon afterwards. Some will experience minor issues and occasionally there may be more serious complications. These problems are rare and most can be treated quickly and effectively. Below is a list that covers the major risks and complications with Arthroscopic surgery. Additionally, there may be other risks, particularly if you have a complex medical history or particular conditions that need to be managed by a medical specialist.

 

 

GENERAL COMPLICATIONS RELATED TO SURGERY

 

Pneumonia: Patients with a viral respiratory tract infection (common cold or flu) should inform us as soon as possible and will have their surgery postponed until their chest is clear. Patients with a history of asthma should bring their inhalers to hospital.


Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolus: Although this complication is rare following arthroscopic surgery, a combination of knee injury, prolonged transport and immobilisation of the limb, smoking and the oral contraceptive pill or hormonal replacement therapy all multiply to increase the risk. Any past history of thrombosis should be brought to our attention prior to your operation. The oral contraceptive pill, hormonal replacement therapy and smoking should cease one week prior to surgery to minimise the risks.


Excessive bleeding resulting in a haematoma is known to occur with patients taking Aspirin or Non-steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs - such as Voltaren, Arcoxia, Mobic, Naprosyn or Indocid. They should be stopped at least one week prior to surgery.
Infection. Surgery is carried out under strict germ free condition. Antibiotics are administered intravenously at the time of your surgery. Any allergy to known antibiotics should be brought to the attention of the medical staff. With these measures there is a less than 1 in 500 chance of developing an infection within the joint.

 


COMPLICATIONS SPECIFICALLY RELATED TO HTO SURGERY

 

Neuromuscular Injury: injury to the peroneal nerve can occur in patients following high tibial osteotomy. This may result in sensory loss or muscle impairment example: foot-drop. Most patients recover without any permanent functional disability.


Injury to the blood vessels around the knee during surgery is a very rare complication (less than 1%).


Delayed or non-union of the osteotomy site may occur in 2 to 4% of cases. In such cases, further surgery is then required to get the bone to heal.


Other potential problems include postoperative stiffness, pain and wound problems.

 

Choosing a date for surgery

 

After the Consultation, in conjunction with Gwen - Mr. Vioreanu Personal Assistant, you should decide on the time frame and a date that is most suitable to you.

You will find that we are very flexible and will try to accommodate your requests whenever possible.
Forms to be completed and signed.
You will receive an information package containing your admission, consent and questionnaire forms, which you will need to complete and send back to us.

Mr. Vioreanu collects information about each surgery for the purposes of patient management, but also uses information for research.
You will be given a consent form, which is to be completed and given back to Mr. Vioreanu’s office.

 

 

Let us know


You should inform us of any medical conditions or previous medical treatment as this may affect your operation.
You should inform us if you prefer to stay in the hospital the night after surgery as we will need to book in advance a bed in SSC.
It is extremely important that there are no cuts, scratches, pimples or ulcers on your lower limb as this greatly increases the risk of infection.
Your surgery will be postponed until the skin lesions have healed.
You should not tape, shave or wax your legs for one week prior to surgery.
Please use HIBISCRUB solution (Chlorexidine 4%) to wash your knee ONCE daily for 5 days prior to surgery. Wash the skin gently and do no scrub the area. You can find HIBISCRUB solution at a retail Pharmacy.

 

 

Pre-operative testing


You will receive a list of all pre-operative tests required prior to surgery. These are standard tests for all patients.

 

 

Managing your Medications


Prior to your surgery we will discuss your medications with you. You will be given important instructions about what you should and should not take prior to surgery. Please do not hesitate to contact our office if you are unsure about these instructions.
Also, some patients with complex medical conditions will need appointments with other medical specialists to ensure that it is safe to proceed with surgery.
We will let you know if this is something you need to do.

 

 

Physiotherapy & Crutches


As this is a day-procedure in some cases you will see a Physiotherapist in SSC before heading home. They will ensure you are walking safely with the aid of crutches and will give you instructions for the next few days.

We strongly advise that you arrange to see your local Physiotherapist the first few days after surgery. A set of crutches will be provided by SSC after surgery. Please print our specific ACL Pre- and Re-habilitation program and bring it to your local Physiotherapist so they will follow our recommended program.

Please inform us the name of your local Physiotherapist and we will communicate with them regarding your specific rehabilitation program.

 

 

The night before surgery


Please do not eat and drink after mid-night and try to have a good nights sleep.

 

Admission to SSC


You will be admitted on the morning of the surgery. Mr. Vioreanu Personal Assisstant will inform you of the exact time and place to go for your admission.
Do not forget to bring all your relevant imaging studies (Xray’s , MRI’s etc.) and relevant medical letters and tests.

 

 

Immediately after surgery

You will wake up in the recovery ward and will have a bandage and a brace on the operated knee. The brace will stay on for 4-6 weeks after surgery and you will be able to band your knee in the brace. You will be given regular pain relief by the nursing staff in the form of an injection or tablet as required.


Mr. Vioreanu will come and discuss the surgery performed. You will then be transferred to the ward. A physiotherapist will visit you in the afternoon of your surgery, or the following day. They will show you some exercises for your leg and will get you up for a walk. You will begin walking with crutches and will need to avoid putting full weight through your operated leg. Once you are able to safely mobilise and care for yourself you will be discharged from hospital, usually 3-4 days after your surgery.

You will receive instructions and a prescription for pain-killers from our nursing staff prior to being discharged from hospital.

 

 

The next few days
If you have any concerns about your post-operative recovery please do not hesitate to contact our office. Mr. Vioreanu will call you back at a suitable time to discuss all your concerns.

 

 

Swelling
The swelling in your operated leg may take up as much as 4-6 months to fully resolve. To facilitate this we strongly advise to place 2-3 pillows under your bed mattress to keep the leg elevated at night time.

 

 

Bruising
Bruising of the lower leg, calf and sometimes the thigh is not uncommon after HTO surgery. It will take 1-2 weeks to resolve.

 

 

Crutches
You will walk with crutches for 4-6 weeks after surgery. The first 4 weeks you will avoid bearing any weight through the operated leg. At 4 weeks after surgery you may begin to take partial weight through your operated leg as instructed by Mr. Vioreanu at the follow-up appointment.

 

 

Driving
Driving an automatic car is possible as soon as you can walk comfortably after surgery. You will not be fit to drive a car for at least 6 weeks after surgery.

 

 

Return to work
Sedentary and office workers may return to work approximately 4-6 weeks following surgery.

Please read carefully the information provided below. It is essential that you are familiar with all the steps of your treatment. This will ensure the greatest satisfaction and best possible result of the proposed treatment. The information provided is specific to Mr Vioreanu's practice. All the aspects below will be discussed in depth during the consultation.

 

Knee Osteoarthritis

Please read carefully the information provided below. It is essential that you are familiar with all the steps of your treatment. This will ensure the greatest satisfaction and best possible result of the proposed treatment. The information provided is specific to Mr Vioreanu's practice. All the aspects below will be discussed in depth during the consultation.

Mr. Vioreanu performs the modern iBalance High Tibia Osteotomy. This procedure was first performed in Ireland by Mr. Vioreanu in December 2014. Please read here for more details.

Patello Femoral Conditions

Please read carefully the information provided below. It is essential that you are familiar with all the steps of your treatment. This will ensure the greatest satisfaction and best possible result of the proposed treatment. The information provided is specific to Mr Vioreanu's practice. All the aspects below will be discussed in depth during the consultation.